Verbs taking the Gerund and the Infinitive
30. Translate into Russian:
1. He stopped to exchange a few words with a neighbour. 2. We regret to inform you that your application has been unsuccessful. 3. I like looking round antique shops. 4. I would prefer to stay at home rather than go out in this weather. 5. He clearly remembered giving her the message. 6. I regret saying that you were mistaken. 7. I regret to say that you were mistaken. 8. Greg went on talking, although I had asked him to stop. 9. Having mentioned the main problem, Frieda went on to talk of other, less important matters. 10. Have ever tried driving in London? – I have, and it’s not very pleasant. 11. Applicants should try to answer all the questions. 12. Remember to give my love to your sister. 13. Moving to the North means getting used to Arctic days and nights. 14. I mean to leave that meeting with a new contract.
31. Open the brackets using either the Gerund or the Infinitive.
1. If the Premier’s policy is to succeed, he must try ____________ (to keep) prices low. 2. What do you mean ___________ (to do) about the broken computer? 3. Don’t forget __________ (to wake) me before you leave. 4. Why don’t you try __________ (to use) honey instead of sugar? It’s much healthier. 5. I tried _________ (to take) the pill you gave me but I couldn’t swallow it. 6. Although Will is quite well off, he still regrets ____________ (not/to go) to university. 7. I definitely remember _______________ (you/to borrow) money from me. 8. I’d prefer you ______________ (to work) after office hours tonight. 9. Let’s stop ____________ (to have) something to eat. – Again? I wish you would stop _____________ (to eat) so much! 10. I think I’d prefer ______________ (to go) on holiday to Egypt this year and spend some time visiting historical sites. – Yes, I prefer ___________ (to do) something interesting to just _____________ (to lie) on a beach all day. And I’d prefer _____________ (to go) somewhere warm rather than ______________ (to stay) in Scotland.
32. Complete the sentences, using the Gerund or the Infinitive:
1. Do you remember … last week? 2. Did you remember … last night? 3. Our boss didn’t think we needed … . 4. I think the computer needs … . 5. Perhaps the tenants would prefer not … . 6. Does he/she prefer … to … ? 7. I hope you won’t forget … . 8. A truthful person hates … . 9. His mother is a domineering person. I’d hate … . 10. Having discussed the first item on the agenda, the board of directors went on … . 11. I can’t understand why you go on … if you hate … . 12. You should try … . I’m sure you’ll find it much easier. 13. He may not have succeeded, but at least he tried … . 14. Accepting this invitation means … .
* * *
For most of her 38 years, Angela Whitiker has been on the outside looking in at the seeming perfection of the professional classes. While the rest of the United States continues to debate the barriers to mobility, Ms. Whitiker has quietly traversed several classes in a single lifetime. She has gone from welfare statistic in the early 1990s to credit-card carrying member of the middle class.
The third of five children, she was born to a mother who was a cook. She didn’t meet her father until she was 10, and she hasn’t seen him since. By 15, she was pregnant with her first child. By 23, she was the mother of five and had worked in a variety of low-paying jobs.
At 26, Ms. Whitiker and her children were living in a crime-burdened neighbourhood. She had become involved with a man who worked as a baggage handler at O’Hare International Airport. He paid the rent and was the father of her fifth child. His paycheck gave her the ability to get into a pre-nursing program at a local community college in Chicago. But the relationship fell apart, and without her boyfriend to pay the rent, she fell further behind.
She wound up in a cellblock of an apartment in the Robert Taylor Homes. Gangs ruled the place. The elevators didn’t work and gunshots were background music. “It was hell,” she would say later. “I wouldn’t want a dog to stay up in there.” Ms. Whitiker vowed from the very first night to get out. She postponed her nursing studies, working at a fast food restaurant and as a security guard.
Then she met Vincent Allen. A police detective, he had a college degree, a nice apartment and a solid middle-class background. They met when they were working as security guards. With Mr. Allen’s encouragement, Ms. Whitiker enrolled in nursing school again, but it was different this time. Or, rather, she was different. She had seen the bottom of the well and never wanted to go back there. Upon finishing nursing school, she was anxious to pass her licensing exam. “It was a step to another life,” she said later.
At first, nursing was like winning the lottery. She was earning enough for the family to move into a four-bedroom apartment in a nice building overlooking Lake Michigan.
Now she is making $83,000 a year, more than Mr. Allen, whom she married a few years ago. She is making more money than anybody she knows. And come payday, everybody needs something, and not just the kids. Relatives need gas money, friends need help with the rent. Even her patients have their hands out. “You got some money to lend me?” one of them, an older woman whose telephone had just been cut off, asked her.
After Medicare and Social Security deductions and her share of the household obligations, groceries, her $500 monthly car payment, loans to relatives, and the debt left over from her previous life, she finds that most months she has little left over. So despite her income, she still shops at the dollar stores in her old neighborhood.
Her job and paycheck say she is middle-class, but what does that mean? She said that when she was on the outside looking in, she never imagined it would mean working three and a half years without a vacation or having an empty dining room waiting for a table and chairs. It never occurred to her that she would be working this hard and still have to choose between paying the phone bill and paying for her daughter’s formal high school party.
“I feel like every corner of my body is being stretched,” she said.
Ms. Whitiker’s ideal of middle-class perfection has two missing pieces: her oldest sons, Nicholas and Willie. Her success came too late to benefit them. Both have spent time in jail on drug convictions, and both have children out of wedlock. She had to make the most painful decision a mother could make to keep her family on her chosen path. She made it clear that neither Willie nor Nicholas was welcome until they cleaned up their lives.
But she still has hope. “I’m a late bloomer,” she says, “and I know it’s not too late for them.”
Ms. Whitiker doesn’t hide her displeasure over her daughter’s desire to join the Navy – mainly because it does not fit the middle-class ideal she has for her children. She sees her daughter studying law.
“I try to talk my kids to go into a profession,” she said. “If you are certified and licensed, nobody can take that away from you.”
But to Nicholas and Willie, her advice is different. “Can’t you see your life is going down the drain, and you are the only one who can save it?” she asks. “You want a quick way out. There is no quick way out. I tried that. It doesn’t work.”
(After Isabel Wilkerson, The New York Times, 2005.)
33. Paraphrase, translate or explain.
explain: ... Angela Whitiker has been on the outside looking in at the seeming perfection of the professional classes.
translate: ... the rest of the United States continues to debate the barriers
explain: She has gone from welfare statistic in the early 1990s to credit-
card carrying member of the middle class.
paraphrase: Ms. Whitiker and her children were living in a crime-
paraphrase: His paycheck gave her the ability to get into a pre-nursing
program at a local community college…
paraphrase: … without her boyfriend to pay the rent, she fell further
explain: he had … a solid middle-class background.
translate: … she was anxious to pass her licensing exam.
translate: And come payday, everybody needs something…
paraphrase: Relatives need gas money…
paraphrase: Even her patients have their hands out.
explain: Her success came too late to benefit them.
translate: She made it clear that neither Willie nor Nicholas was
welcome until they cleaned up their lives.
paraphrase: I’m a late bloomer…
paraphrase: Can’t you see your life is going down the drain…?
34. Answer the teacher’s questions.
HOME ACTIVITIES (5)
35. Translate into English using the Gerund or the Infinitive.
1. Джуди не решалась задавать вопросы, потому что боялась, что над ней будут смеяться. 2. Я точно помню, что рассказал ему все подробности происшествия. 3. Теперь я не жалею, что сказал ему правду. Он попробует принять верное решение. 4. Попробуй добавить в салат оливкового масла – он будет намного вкуснее. 5. Никто из нас не согласится участвовать в проекте, если это будет означать переезд в сельскую местность. 6. После того, как Андрей рассказал нам о своих приключениях в Австралии, он стал показывать фотографии. 7. Денис перестал пропускать занятия, боясь, что его отчислят из университета. 8. Линда остановилась, чтобы посмотреть на рождественскую елку в витрине магазина. 9. Когда Майк был ребенком, он терпеть не мог рано ложиться спать. 10. Я предпочитаю ездить на метро, а не стоять в пробках.
36. Get ready to retell Text 1.
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES (6)
37. Paraphrase using the active vocabulary:
1. The possibility that she might be wrong never came to her mind. 2. This sort of incident is an everyday thing. 3. John and Mary invited all the members of their family to the wedding. 4. His silence made me worried as I thought something bad might happen. 5. Angela very much wanted her daughter to go into a profession. 6. After paying taxes and insurance, she has little left for herself. 7. Finding fossils far inland, he came to the conclusion that the area had once been covered by water. 8. Let me give you a bit of information about myself. 9. The Elizabethan age gave plenty of opportunity to enterprising people of all walks of life. 10. It seemed like an ideal gift. 11. He believes that his new job is ideal for him. 12. When Fred took a training course for teenagers, he had no time to hang about town with his friends. 13. Mrs. Dobson couldn’t come to terms with the fact that all her efforts to give her son an education had turned out to be useless.
38. a) Complete the sentences with the words and word combinations from the box. Learn the words and word combinations from the box.
cholesterol [kR'lestRrOl] – холестерин
germ [dGR:m] – болезнетворная бактерия
molecule ['mOlILkju:l] – молекула
microbe ['maIkrRub] – микроб
Love Is Real Medicine
Loneliness fosters cardiovascular disease. Fortunately, there’s an antidote.
A 61-year-old executive was in the midst of a divorce when he was stricken last spring, and he had fallen ______________ (1) with friends and family members. The man’s doctor advised him to change his __________ (2), start exercising and __________ (3) smoking. He also prescribed drugs to lower cholesterol and ___________________ (4). It was sound advice but the patient discovered that he needed to do more. He joined a support group and reordered his ______________ (5), placing relashionships at the top of the list instead of the bottom. His health has improved _____________ (6) since then, and so has his outlook on life.
Medicine today __________ primarily ___ (7) drugs and surgery, genes and germs, microbes and molecules. Yet love and intimacy are ______________ (8) what makes us sick and what makes us well. Connections with other people affect not only the quality of our lives but also our _____________ (9). Study after study find that people who feel lonely are many times more likely to get ___________________ (10) disease than those who have a strong sense of ______________ (11) and community. In part, this is because people who are lonely are more likely to engage in __________________ (12) behaviors. Patients _________________ (13) cigarettes, food, alcohol or drugs.
________________ (14), love protects your heart in ways that we don’t completely understand. Researchers studied almost 10,000 married men and found that those who answered “yes” to the simple question – “Does your wife show you her love?” – had ________________ (15) less chest pain. Men and women with heart disease who were _________ (16) and lacked confidants were three times as likely to have died after five years. In all the studies, the _________________ (17) of love were independent of other ______________ (18).
Awareness is the first step in _____________ (19). When we understand the connection between how we live and how long we live, it’s easier to make different choices. Instead of viewing the time we spend with friends and family as ___________ (20), we can see that these relationships are among the most powerful determinants of our _____________ (21) and survival. We are hard-wired to help each other. Science is documenting the healing values of love, intimacy, community, compassion, forgiveness, altruism and service – values that are part of almost all ______________ (22) traditions as well as many secular ones. Seen in this context, being unselfish may be the most self-serving ____________ (23) to life, for it helps free both the giver and recipient from suffering, disease and ______________ (24) death. Rediscovering the wisdom of love and compassion may help us survive at a time when the world so badly needs it.
(After Dean Ornish, M.D., Newsweek, 2005.)
b) Match the following words with their definitions.
c) Find the English for
способствовать развитию чего-либо; сердечнососудистые заболевания; противоядие; перенести удар (приступ); перестать общаться с…; понизить уровень холестерина; артериальное давление; здравый, разумный совет; пересмотреть приоритеты; хирургия; находить утешение в алкоголе; факторы риска; осознание; быть запрограммированным; общность; тесная связь, близость; сострадание; умение прощать; помощь, услуга; духовные традиции; светский; безвременная смерть; избавить от болезней.
d) Answer the questions:
HOME ACTIVITIES (6)
39. Translate into English.
1. Несмотря на то, что родственники считали Джессику и Тома идеальной парой, их отношения распались. 2. Руководство фирмы стремится держать ситуацию под контролем. 3. Вокруг премьер-министра стояли сотрудники службы безопасности. 4. Полицейский инспектор пришел к выводу, что кража была совершена одним из членов семьи. 5. Резолюция Совета Безопасности ООН направлена на защиту окружающей среды. 6. Неожиданно Стелле пришло в голову, что она ничего не знает о семье и происхождении своего нового приятеля. 7. Опыт работы в полиции помог Дженни писать детективные романы. 8. Известно, что Чосер родился в семье торговца вином. 9. Дугласа считали талантливым архитектором, и никто не ожидал, что он окажется безработным и брошенным своей семьей. 10. В идеале все люди должны иметь доступ к бесплатному здравоохранению и образованию.
40. Read the text Brave New World and get ready to answer the questions (see exercise 45).