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ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ

Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования

РОССИЙСКИЙ


ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ГУМАНИТАРНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ


Филиал в г. Домодедово


СБОРНИК ТЕСТОВ

ДЛЯ КОНТРОЛЯ И САМОКОНТРОЛЯ ЗНАНИЙ СТУДЕНТОВ

ПО ДИСЦИПЛИНЕ «АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК»


Домодедово 2008

Белова Н.М., Перепелица Н.Г., Соловьева О.В. Сборник тестов для контроля и самоконтроля знаний студентов по дисциплине «Английский язык» / Под ред. к.п.н., доц. Н.М. Беловой. – Домодедово, 2008 – 57 с.




Авторы-составители:

к.п.н., доцент Белова Н.М.

Перепелица Н.Г.

Соловьева О.В.


Под редакцией к.п.н., доц. Н.М. Беловой


Утверждено на заседании

Кафедры иностранных языков филиала РГГУ г. Домодедово

Протокол № 8 от «17» апреля 2008 г.


СОДЕРЖАНИЕ



Введение . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

Unit I. Choose the alternative that best suits the context . . . . . . . . . . .

6

Unit II. Choose the alternative to express the same idea as the word or phrase italicised . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

38

Unit III. Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

47

KEYS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

56

Список рекомендованных источников и литературы . . . . . . . . . .

57



ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Сборник тестовых заданий по дисциплине «Английский язык» является составной частью учебно-методического комплекса, разработанного в соответствии с учебной программой курса на основе действующего Государственного образовательного стандарта высшего профессионального образования по специальностям 080502 «Экономика и управление на предприятии (городское хозяйство)» и 080105 «Финансы и кредит».

Настоящий сборник содержит перечень тестовых заданий по дисциплине «Английский язык», который составлен с учетом актуальных проблем, характерных для финансовой деятельности государства и хозяйствующих субъектов.

Решение тестовых заданий на практических занятиях, а также в качестве самостоятельной работы студентов при изучении дисциплины «Английский язык» для экономических специальностей позволит оценить их знания, приобретенные в ходе теоретического освоения этой учебной дисциплины, а также при изучении обязательной и рекомендуемой литературы.

Целью предлагаемых студентам многоуровневых тестовых заданий является определение степени и прочности усвоения навыков и умений общения на английском языке в сфере бизнеса, знаний морфологии, синтаксиса, грамматики английского языка.

Сборник включает три раздела (Units), каждый из которых имеет задания разнопланового характера.

I раздел (Unit I Choose the alternative that best suits the context Выберите вариант, наиболее соответствующий контексту) направлен на контроль лексико-грамматических навыков употребления языковых средств в соответствии с их контекстным значением.

II раздел (Unit II Choose the alternative to express the same idea as the word or phrase italicized Выберите вариант, сходный по смыслу с выделенным словом или словосочетанием) направлен на контроль коммуникативных умений вариативной замены одних лексических средств другими, сходными по значению.

III раздел (Unit III Texts Тексты) направлен на контроль коммуникативных умений чтения и понимания текстов по бизнес-тематике.

Ключи к тестам даны в конце сборника.

Тестовые задания, содержащиеся в этих разделах, позволят студентам закрепить полученные знания, а также повысить уровень своей подготовки при сдаче зачетов и экзаменов.

Сборник подготовлен на основе учебных пособий отечественных и зарубежных ученых, изданных в 2003-2007 гг.

Материалы сборника предназначены к использованию как на практических занятиях (в качестве раздаточного материала), так и для внеаудиторной работы студента. На практических занятиях в группе с помощью предлагаемых тестовых заданий преподаватель может проверить подготовку студентов и оценить уровень их знаний. Для студентов заочной формы обучения тестовые задания могут служить в качестве контрольной работы по дисциплине «Английский язык» экономических специальностей.

Сборник адресован студентам 2-3 курсов дневной и заочной форм обучения по дисциплине «Английский язык» по специальностям «Экономика и управление на предприятии (городское хозяйство)» и «Финансы и кредит». Приведенные задания могут быть использованы студентами других экономических специальностей: «Мировая экономика» и др. Кроме того, сборник может быть полезен при дистанционном обучении студентов высшей школы.

Замечания и пожелания по данному сборнику просьба направлять по адресу: 142001 Московская обл., г. Домодедово, Каширское шоссе, д. 4, корп. 2, филиал РГГУ в Домодедово, кафедра иностранных языков или по электронной почте: kafedra-in-jaz@mail.ru

Авторы-составители будут благодарны за все присланные замечания и пожелания коллег и учтут при подготовке 2-го издания.


UNIT I

CHOOSE THE ALTERNATIVE THAT

BEST SUITS THE CONTEXT


1. The country’s economy is in crisis. Unemployment ________ quickly.

a) is rising

b) rises

c) rose

2. If I knew anything about the matter, I __________ you.

a) will tell

b) would tell

c) would have told

3. The _________ line was shut down for two hours as a result of damaged machinery.

a) production

b) delivery

c) control

4. The unemployment ________ is the percentage of the labour force which is out of work.

a) rate

b) product

c) average

5. As the field survey shows, very _________ customers (about 6 %) find the design of our goods attractive.

a) little

b) few

c) a few

6. A successful manager must be _________ in his/her own ability to deal with difficult situations and show the qualities of leadership.

a) confident

b) initiative

c) accountable

7. The Intel Corporation is __________ biggest producer of microchips.

a) a

b) the

c) an

8. I___________on the final report all day yesterday. Tomorrow I'm making a presentation.

a) had worked

b) have been working

c) was working

9. Information on_________prices is available to brokers throughout the world.

a) share

b) market

c) trading

10. Our new packaging is __________ attractive_________ the previous one. As the result the sales have risen this month.

a) as ... as

b) more ... than

c) most ...as

11. I am going to ____________ my trip to New York. The situation changed completely.

a) cancel

b) refuse

c) deny

12. I cannot make any decision unless I ________ facts concerning the matter.

a) will know

b) know

c) won't know

13. We can't afford ____________ new equipment just now. I think we'll have to wait till the things become better.

a) buying

b) having bought

c) to buy

14. The traditional vertical organization of companies is today ________ by a number of cross-functional structures. This is known as the "matrix structure".

a) added

b) helped

c) complemented

15._________________ complaint was paid attention to.

a) Each of the

b) Each

c) Each of

16. The recent boom in consumer spending resulted in sales _________.

a) recession

b) growth

c) improvement

17. At present we are doing not _________well _____ we did last year. Our sales are falling.

a) as ... as

b) more ... than

c) less... than

18. A number of employees were injured because they did not follow __________ procedures.

a) dangerous

b) health

c) safety

19. The organization structure of our company _____________ reorganised recently.

a) is being

b) has been

c) had been

20. Hewlett Packard is known as one of the most reputable _________ in the electronic and and computer industry.

a) customers

b) suppliers

c) buyers

21. We managed to capture___________ contracts last month.

a) few

b) a little

c) a few

22. We won't succeed unless we_____________ our image. The old one is becoming less and less competitive.

a) will change

b) would change

c) change

23. We won't start discussing this question until the Production Manager _________.

a) will arrive

b) won't arrive

c) arrives

24. What is the secret of their fantastic commercial _________?

a) production

b) success

c) market

25. If Jack weren't on holiday now he ___________ us some valuable advice.

a) would have given

b) will give

c) would give

26. Last year we made a good profit. __________ the market is unstable and the results may be not so good this year.

a) And

b) So

c) However

27. We have ___________ time at our disposal. We must make a decision right away.

a) a little

b) little

c) few

28. During the _____________ of the 1930s thousands of businesses closed and millions of people lost their jobs.

a) boom

b) slump

c) expansion

29. A movement of money into or out of an account is called ______.

a) transaction

b) option

c) invoice

30. We decided to ____________ the new model at the trade fair in autumn.

a) manufacture

b) launch

c) produce

31. She says she___________ in two years' time.

a) will retire

b) would retire

c) is going to retire

32. Our company is ready to sponsor the city football team if they wear our ________ on their shirts.

a) logo

b) brand

c) slogan

33. It was an unsuccessful year for them. Their profits _______________by 50%.

a) dipped

b) plunged

c) collapsed

34. ________the long-time negotiations, the project for a merger of the banks failed.

a) Despite

b) Although

c) However

35. During the bear market a lot of firms went _______________.

a) ahead

b) bankrupt

c) melding

36. The new design will involve_____________the packag­ing.

a) to change

b) changing

c) having changed

37. Monthly salaries of our staff go directly into their _________.

a) invoices

b) accounts

c) interests

38. Our recent sales are___________ disappointing as not many stores are willing to stock and promote our goods.

a) little

b) few

с) а little

39. My cash_______ was $300.

a) credit

b) sum

c) deposit

40. ____________candidates has excellent education back­ground.

a) Each of the

b) Each

c) Each of

41. If you own some shares of a company, you receive _________per share.

a) interest

b) dividends

c) salary

42. I'm looking forward___________ from you as soon as possible.

a) to hear

b) hearing

c) to hearing

43. I draw up contracts and advise the company on tax le­gislation. I work in the___________department.

a) Sales

b) Human Resources

c) Legal

44. I_________how to use a computer since Monday, only for a few days, so I'm not good at it.

a) have learnt

b) have been learning

c) am learning

45. We are planning to__________$2.5 million on advertising.

a) lose

b) spend

c) invest

46. We have received a few offers from the suppliers, but we ___________________ our minds yet about which one to work with.

a) haven't made up

b) haven't done

c) didn't do

47. He said he____________ me the following day.

a) would ring

b) will ring

c) rings

48. I opened my __________last month.

a) cash

b) account

c) credit

49. I expect_____________ him on Monday next week.

a) seeing

b) to see

d) to seeing

50. A credit card allows you to carry out _________ without using cash.

a) transactions

b) purchase

c) payment

51. Investment bankers made huge amount of money during the _________ market of the mid 1990s.

a) boom

b) bear

c) bull

52. He wanted to know how much ________________.

a) did it cost

b) it will cost

c) it cost

53. In the stock market crash in 1929, the market_________ by 19% and that led to the great depression.

a) rose

b) fell

c) stabilized

54. There's very__________space in our office so we need to buy a new one.

a) a little

b) a few

c) little

55. ____________act as agents in buying and selling shares.

a) Wholesalers

b) Brokers

c) Investors

56. I'm sorry but the Financial Director can't see you today. She'll be at the _______ till 6 o'clock.

a) meeting

b) date

c) appointment

57. He said he would see me _______________.

a) tomorrow

b) the following day

c) on tomorrow

58. To_________a price means to give the price at which one is prepared to buy or sell a share.

a) inform

b) undertake

c) quote

59. He _________ most of his savings in the Stock Ex­change.

a) gave

b) invested

c) fixed

60. On Wall Street, the Dow Jones index_________a few points.

a) dipped

b) fell dramatically

c) slumped

61. If I open a saving account I will receive__________.

a) a share

b) a benefit

c) an interest

62. Everyone hopes that the situation__________.

a) will get worse

b) would recover

c) will stabilize

63. _________receive income, known as a dividend, from the companies in which they invested.

a) Owners

b) Shareholders

c) Stockbrokers

64. In order to raise capital the company intends to issue shares_________.

a) on the consumer market

b) on the production market

c) on the stock market

65. It can't be true. I ___________ to believe it.

a) cancel

b) refuse

c) deny

66. I___________my presentation already.

a) prepared

b) have been prepared

c) have prepared

67. The sewing machine was _______ in 1846 by an

American called Elias Howe.

a) discovered

b) invented

c) found out

68. Of course, our goods are not very cheap, but the prices are quite_________________for the average consumer.

a) high

b) reasonable

c) costly

69. There is very _________ data available about market

trends in this region.

a) few

b) little

c) many

70.__________companies have been operating on the mar­ket for five years.

a) Both of the

b) Both from the

c) The both of the

71. If you sponsored a charity, you would improve your _______________.

a) income

b) profits

c) reputation

72. We must_______________delivery expenditures.

a) cut off

b) cut down

c) cut from

73. Our company specialized in producing_______________ goods.

a) consumer

b) consumption

c) consummation

74. The car's fuel________________is generally very high.

a) consumptive

b) consummation

c) consumption

75. Insurance is a terrible investment, but you have to admit that it offers protection in an ____________.

a) urgency

b) emergency

c) urgently

76. The car race was given massive media _______________.

a) cover

b) coverage

c) covering

77. The football supporters club is looking for a sponsor to finance the purchase of four coaches, which_____________ transport supporters to matches.

a) will use to

b) used

c) would be used to

78. Telegraphic transfer is the fastest method of sending _________.

a) money

b) accounts

c) checks

79. I _______ the office when the doorbell rang and immediately two men in masks rushed into.

a) left

b) have left

c) was leaving

80. ___________ can result if you have no more income to pay your debts.

a) Transfer

b) Bankruptcy

c) Discount

81. We spent too ___________ time on routine meetings.

a) a few

b) many

c) much

82. Banks ___________ very high rates of interest on credit loans.

a) charge

b) offer

c) pay

83. We___________ it at the meeting at the beginning of February.

a) had discussed

b) have discussed

c) discussed

84. Suppliers expect their ________ paid promptly.

a) checks

b) credits

c) invoices

85. We __________ by assuming that our product would sell well.

a) did a mistake

b) made a mistake

c) mistook

86. The manufacture of components __________ to outside suppliers.

a) sub-contracted

b) is sub-contracted

c) sub-contracts

87. Some strategic industries, such as Atomic Energy and Defence, are too important to be left in________________ hands.

a) public

b) government

c) private

88. A ___________ of $1.000 invested in our business ten years ago is worth $1 million now.

a) stake

b) stock

c) sum

89. They___________this drug for ten years before it ap­peared on the market.

a) tested

b) had been testing

c) have been testing

90. Russian business is__________a lot of foreign capital.

a) investing

b) attracting

c) importing

91. We'd like to know your views on the possibility of a ______________venture with our company.

a) business

b) capital

c) joint

92. There must __________ a lot of inflation over that period.

a) be

b) have been

c) to be

93. The bank assigned a credit_________to our company.

a) check

b) limit

c) interest

94. A credit ___________ guarantees payment by a speci­fied date.

a) insurance

b) term

c) fee

95. It was __________________ set of instructions I had ever received.

a) more confusing

b) the most confusing

c) as confusing as

96. Sellers and customers usually negotiate credit ________ when making a deal.

a) interests

b) fees

c) terms

97. Our customers usually meet ___________ on time.

a) bills

b) charges

c) prices

98. ____________ fix their own commissions for buying and selling shares.

a) Retailers

b) Stockbrokers

c) Wholesalers

99. I will give you a ring if anything ________ wrong.

a) will go

b) goes

c) will be going

100. He ___________ any involvement in the robbery.

a) cancels

b) refuses

c) denies

101. Our product is within a __________________ reach of everybody.

a) social

b) financial

c) economic

102. Don't forget to switch off the computer before you ________.

a) will leave

b) leave

c) are leaving

103. The___________of the Japanese economy since World War II has been extraordinary.

a) bull

b) boom

c) fall

104. I wish we________ this order. It will improve our fi­nancial position.

a) get

b) got

c) have got

105. The companies have been negotiating a possible _______ for a few months.

a) melding

b) concern

c) budget

106. This alliance will help our companies survive in the fiercely_________market of today.

a) contrasting

b) competitive

c) contemporary

107. At Takaoka the cars are driven directly from the ________ to the boat or trucks taking cars to the buyers.

a) market

b) customers

c) assembly line

108. The_________of Harley-Davidson Motor Company are people with a high average income.

a) suppliers

b) target market

c) budget

109. Our__________is based on the image of a person who leads an active life.

a) advertisement

b) logo

c) brand

110. The successful candidate should have at least 3-year________in office management at international level.

a) qualifications

b) experience

c) efficiency

111. Our company is determined to_______________so that we might reach our full potential.

a) increase

b) recess

c) expand

112. Each of the documents ____________ countersigned.

a) was

b) were

c) were being

113. I have good word-processing _______________.

a) qualifications

b) skills

c) operations

114. A chief executive officer should have a strong sense of ___________.

a) authority

b) decision-making

c) education

115. ____________candidates had excellent references.

a) Both

b) The both

c) The both of

116. "Are there any seats on the next flight to Madrid?"

"Yes, there are________________".

a) few

b) little

c) a few

117. Last year they attempted___________________their nearest competitor, but failed.

a) taking over

b) to take over

c) to be taken over

118. We hope to pay the debt_________a few weeks.

a) at

a) within

b) for

119. As we sell all over the country this means we need a _________of sales people.

a) campaign

b) gang

c) team

120. I_________wear a badge at work. It's a rule.

a) should

b) have to

c) can

121. The company spends about 10% of its______sales on research and development.

a) whole

b) full

c) total

122. The____________strategy of our all operating divisions is determined by the business center in Moscow.

a) total

b) global

c) universal

123. Our company______________close attention to the en­vironment.

a) pays

b) takes

c) gives

124. We use ____________________ bottles and packaging materials.

a) recycle

b) recycling

c) recyclable

125. In 1990 the American Council on Economic Priorities chose Colgate-Palmolive as one of the four most socially __________companies in the United States.

a) respective

b) responsible

c) respecting

126. _________________ is the term given to different ac­tivities involved in distributing goods from the manu­facturer to the final customer.

a) Retailing

b) Marketing

c) Distribution

127. In order to make its products known, a firm________ advertise.

a) can

b) may

c) must

128. An advertisement on radio or television is called a ____________.

a) movie

b) commercial

c) sales program

129. A heavy __________ was imposed on their company because they broke the contract.

a) sum

b) incentive

c) penalty

130. ________________is a business system in which a com­pany sells an individual the right to operate a business using its brand-name and reputation.

a) Retailing

b) Franchising

c) Wholesaling

131. __________________is used to increase sales by making the product or service known to a wider audience.

a) Promotion

b) Research

c) Advertising

132. __________ we had some problems with transport, we managed to deliver the goods in time.

a) But

b) Although

c) Nevertheless

133. __________ is the general term covering all forms of selling goods to the public.

a) Retailing

b) Franchising

c) Wholesaling

134. __________documents should be sent in triplicate.

a) The both

b) Both

c) Both of

135. Electronic and Optional Equipment company is pre­sently seeking a _________ engineer with several years' experience of computer assisted techno­logy and design.

a) qualified

b) qualifying

c) being qualified

136. The successful multinational team should be composed of managers who have the right__________in terms of attitude and experience.

a) rules

b) relationships

c) profiles

137. Each of the invoices _________a different reference number.

a) have

b) has

c) is having

138. An English proverb says: there are two fools in the market: one asks too little, one asks too__________.

a) many

b) much

c) few

139. Our team is carrying out the research to determine the best way to_________the employees.

a) suit

b) motivate

c) rationalize

140. We_________the design of the equipment. Now it sells better.

a) have updated

b) updated

c) will update

141. Our customers get reminders on__________payments.

a) overpaid

b) overlooked

c) overdue

142. If you pay__________ I'll give you a 5% discount.

a) price

b) cash

c) bill

143. His ability to anticipate financial__________prevent­ed him from losing a great deal of money.

a) growth

b) crash

c) dip

144. Our goods didn't sell well. There_________a very high demand for this kind of product in that region.

a) can't have been

b) mustn't have been

c) shouldn't have been

145. The prices given for buying and selling shares on the Stock Exchange are known as__________.

a) stocks

b) values

c) quotations

146. We are planning to invest a great sum of money in sponsorship in order to improve our firm's__________.

a) image and reputation

b) financial position

c) accounts

147. They've just launched an advertising_________.

a) company

b) campaign

c) promotion

148. We are doing _______ well _______we did last year.

a) better ... than

b) as ... than

c) as ... as

149. If I had known that the post was vacant, I________for it.

a) will apply

b) would apply

c) would have applied

150. Big companies cannot rely exclusively on their________ markets. They have to become more international in their outlook if they want to survive.

a) consumer

b) competitive

c) domestic

151. _________ to get in touch with him all day yesterday.

a) have tried

b) was trying

c) have been trying

152. Send a fax in order our___________wasn't overlooked.

a) check

b) invoice

c) discount

153. The Moscow government worked out a program to _________the number of small businesses in the capital.

a) increase

b) contribute

c) invest

154. If he had had more experience in marketing, we could __________him the job.

a) give

b) have given

c) be giving

155. Nowadays it is possible to ___________ money between different accounts using an electronic system.

a) transfer

b) pay

c) invest

156. We plan _________ a new branch in Siberia.

a) opening

b) to open

c) being opened

157. To ___________ means to place money in a bank account.

a) deposit

b) credit

c) debit

158. We use ________ materials not to injure the environment.

a) used

b) recyclable

c) junk

159. He said the management team ________ their best to improve the situation.

a) wiJl do

b) would do

c) will have done

160. Our company has 120__________at present.

a) employers

b) workforce

c) employees

161. I wondered _____________ they had paid delivery charges or not.

a) that

b) whether

c) which

162. The _________ name of the soap produced by our company is "Beauty".

a) logo

b) slogan

c) brand

163. I wish she_________me about it earlier.

a) told

b) had told

c) have told

164. Last year we increased our market ___________.

a) stock

b) share

c) stake

165. I am beginning to get __________ worried about the situation.

a) few

b) a little

c) little

166. The _________ "We know the meaning of cleaning" obviously belongs to the dry cleaning company.

a) logo

b) slogan

c) advertisement

167. A highly competitive market led to higher capital __________.

a) losses

b) growth

c) expenditure

168. My car____________at the moment.

a) is repaired

b) is being repaired

c) has been repairing

169. __________values have fallen by around 20% this au­tumn.

a) Share

b) Stock

c) Stake

170. She put all her money into government___________.

a) shares

b) stocks

c) investment

171. They ____________ business together for a few years.

a) are running

b) have been runnmg

c) have run

172. Buying that segment was a __________ mistake.

a) reasonable

b) costly

c) cheaply

173. The machinery ________ in time.

a) were delivered

b) was delivered

c) delivered

174. I wish I __________ him yesterday.

a) have phoned

b) had phoned

c) had been phoning

175. The Project Team works under the _________of the Project Director.

a) vision

b) supervision

c) leading

176. We _________$10 million in a new media venture.

a) spent

b) invested

c) involved

177. It's important that the new equipment __________ properly tested before launching it to the market.

a) shall be

b) should be

c) would be

178. Our recent advertising campaign has had a tremendous _________. Our sales boosted immediately.

a) example

b) impact

c) slogan

179. The board meeting__________at 10 a.m.

a) would start

b) is to start

c) would be starting

180. I_________for the position of a production manager.

a) applied

b) recruited

c) employed

181. He made £1 billion by selling sterling just before it was ________and then buying it back.

a) crashed

b) devalued

c) invested

182. ___________is the business of selling goods in large quantities and usually at low prices.

a) Retailing

b) Wholesaling

c) Franchising

183. ___________are large shops which sell a wide variety of products.

a) Grocery

b) Greengrocery

c) Department stores

184. Price is not the only thing that customers consider when ____________ about which product to buy.

a) doing a decision

b) making a decision

c) doing business

185. Customers_____________ about the poor quality of fro­zen vegetables on sale in our store.

a) did complaints

b) made complaints

c) made research

186. We_____________last year of nearly $10,000.

a) did a loss

b) made a loss

c) made a lost

187. When two or more people want to start a business together they can set up a _____________.

a) corporation

b) concern

c) partnership

188. Net profit this year______________________around $200 million.

a) should be

b) should have been

c) should being

189. The Production Manager said we could __________ better the previous year if it hadn't been for the instability on the market.

a) do

b) have done

c) have doing

190. __________________the Japanese may say "yes" at a meeting, it does not mean that they agree with you, but that they want you to continue.

a) In spite of

b) Although

c) Despite

191. As analysts predicted the ________________market didn't last long and soon the market fell dramatically.

a) boom

b) bull

c) bear

192. We are sending out_________literature to try to boost our sales.

a) advertisement

b) useful

c) promotion

193. The company adopted an environmental policy in order to reduce the damage that may _____________ from its various activities.

a) result

b) cause

c) due

194. We are proud of the fact that last year 25% of the com­pany's total waste __________________.

a) was recycling

b) was recycled

c) has been recycled

195. Many companies do research to _______________ ways of reducing air and water pollution.

a) protest

b) develop

c) contribute

196. An environmental group organized a ___________ against dumping of waste into the river.

a) supply

b) measure

c) protest

197. The firm attempted__________________ its nearest competitor.

a) taking over

b) to take over

c) take over

198. We had to delay ___________ the new product.

a) launching

b) to launch

c) launch

199. Every year we make a ________ to a well-known wildlife association.

a) supplement

b) order

c) contribution

200. We don't expect conditions _____________ for some time.

a) to improve

b) improving

c) improve



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