добавить свой файл
  1 ... 3 4 5 6

Вариант 5

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Помните, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты соответствуют придаточным предложениям (см. образец выполнения 1).

  1. Uranus was found quite by accident in 1781 by the great English astronomer William Herschell. Herschell suspected Uranus to be a planet because, through the telescope, it appeared as a disk rather than as a point of light.

  2. Jupiter’s interior is believed to be very hot, about 500,000oC according to some estimates, but not hot enough for nuclear reactions to occur in its hydrogen content.

  3. Many lives could be saved if natural phenomena such as earthquakes and hurricanes could be predicted.

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Обратите внимание на перевод зависимого и независимого (самостоятельного) причастных оборотов (см. образец выполнения 2).

  1. Sounding balloons* penetraiting the earth with instruments of various kinds and sending down data are filled with hydrogen or helium.

  2. Having discovered rays of an unknown nature emitted spontaneously by uranium salts, physicist Henry Becquerel reported his finding to the French Academy of Sciences.

  3. Electron’s speed and versatility has helped man to make a great number of electronic instruments and devices, the electronic amplifier being the most important of them.

balloons* — шары-зонды

  1. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие сложные предложения. Обратите внимание на перевод условных предложений (см. образец выполнения 3).

  1. If we continue to burn fossil fuels, the level of carbon dioxide in the air may increase to the point where it will blanket the earth and cause it to warm to a dangerous level.

  2. Some stars are so far away that if they were to blow up today, their light would continue to be seen from the earth for a million years.

  3. If the house had been provided with a lightning conductor, lightning would not have struck it.

  1. Прочитайте текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите его, правильно разместив предложения на русском и английском языке.

Пояснения к тексту

the force of gravity — сила тяжести

solar eclipse — солнечное затмение

temporarily blotting out the sun’s light — временно закрывая солнечный свет

The Moon: A Nice Place to Visit?

We know of course the moon to be a very hostile environment for human beings. The moon is completely avoid of water because the force of gravity on the moon is much less than on the earth. The lack of a strong gravitational pull has caused any water the moon may have had to leak out into space over 4.6 billion years that it has been in existence.

There is no air on the moon because its gravity is insufficient to retain an atmosphere. Accordingly, travellers to the moon require not only oxygen and water but also protection against cosmic rays that are unfiltered by an atmosphere. No atmosphere also means no weather — no wind, no rain, no clouds.

Temperatures on the moon are quite extreme, ranging from 110oC to -173oC. This occures because there is no atmosphere to filter the sun’s rays when it is shining and then to blanket in warm air when the sun goes down. These extremes of temperature are particularly striking during a solar eclipse, when the earth passes directly between the sun and the moon, temporarily blotting out the sun’s light. At such times the temperature on the moon dips very rapidly and then rises immediately as the sun emerges from the earth’s shadow. The change in temperature may be as much as 200oC in one hour! This sudden change can cause rocks to shatter due to the expanding and contracting. Thus if you visit the moon deciding what to wear could be a problem.

There is no twilight or dawn on the moon. Like the earth, the moon does not shine by its own light; it reflects the light of the sun.

There is no sound on the moon. Sound travels on waves of air molecules. Since there is no air, there is nothing to transmit sound.

The moon revolving around the earth once every twenty-nine and half days is a satellite of the earth. The moon itself rotates, but it does so very slowly. Therefore the same side of the moon is always visible to us. To get to the moon, you would have to travel 240,000 miles, a distance that is about the same as circling the earth at the equator ten times.

  1. Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы к тексту:

  1. Why is the moon completely avoid of water?

  2. When are the extremes of temperature particularly striking on the moon?

  3. How many miles would you have to travel to get to the moon?

Контрольные задания для студентов заочной формы обучения (английский язык). Сост.: Бучковская С.А., Колядич Н.М., Маматова Н.В., Сергеева Г.Б. Харьков: ХГАГХ, 2000. – 69 стр.

Составители: С.А. Бучковская, Н.М. Колядич,

Н.В.Маматова, Г.Б. Сергеева

Ответственный за выпуск: кандидат филологических наук, зав. каф.

иностранных языков Харьковской академии

городского хозяйства Наумова И.О.

Рецензент: кандидат филологических наук, доц. каф.

иностранных языков Харьковской академии

городского хозяйства Ильенко Е.Л.

Настоящие контрольные задания предназначены для студентов 1-2 курсов заочной формы обучения, изучающих английский язык в академии. Каждое контрольное задание предлагается в пяти вариантах. Контрольные работы должны быть представлены в указанной последовательности. Выполняются они в соответствии с цифрами шифра студенческого билета: студенты, шифр билета которых оканчивается на 1 или 2, выполняют вариант №1; на 3 или 4 - №2; на 5 или 6 - №3; на 7 или 8 - №4; на 9 или 0 - №5.

Контрольные работы направляйте для проверки и рецензирования в академию в установленные сроки.

<< предыдущая страница